We seem to be sticking to an oceanic theme this past couple of weeks, with recent posts on whales and coral reefs. Maybe it's a result of our recent trip to Iceland. Or maybe it's because Shark Week is just around the corner.
The ocean continues to captivate us, this time in the form of a marine-themed film festival and art show, currently traveling down the West Coast of the United States. The project, entitled The Great West Coast Migration, was organized by the Japan-based international non-profit PangeaSeed, who works to raise awareness about the plight of sharks and the destruction of their habitat. PangeaSeed is partnering with the Beneath the Waves film festival, which aims to "encourage, inspire, and educate scientists, advocates, and the general public to produce and promote open-access, engaging marine-issue documentaries."
Here's a little glimpse at what you might see as a very sad shark tries to find his missing friend along the coastal towns and waterways of the West.
The Great West Coast Migration played in Seattle, WA and Portland, OR earlier this month, and continues on the following dates and locations:
Image via PangeaSeed
Today on NPR's Morning Edition, host Ari Shapiro wondered how to interpret the influx of misleading presidential campaign ads, how to weed through quotes taken out of context, and if those ads were truly making an impact on voter opinions. He turned to behavioral economist Dan Ariely (PopTech 2010, 2009), who recently published The (Honest) Truth About Dishonesty: How We Lie to Everyone–Especially Ourselves, for his expert opinion.
Ariely had recently conducted a survey with a few hundred people online who were asked if they thought it was acceptable for their candidates to be dishonest if it furthered the candidate's overall agenda. His study found that both Democrats and Republicans were comfortable with the idea that their own candidates could be dishonest in order to get elected.
The NPR piece continues by describing how much this confirmation bias has pervaded our decision-making, and how that decision-making doesn't necessarily come from a rational place.
On the topic of what prompts our rational and irrational behavior, we're flashing back to Ariely's 2009 PopTech talk where he dissects the impulse to act irrationally. Perhaps it'll provide us with some insight this campaign season.
Recently, PopTech launched its second Edition, Small is beautiful: The micro-everything revolution. Our Editions explore an emerging theme at the edge of change from the perspective of some of the remarkable innovators shaping it. Over the past few weeks, we’ve been highlighting pieces from contributors who are exploring the dynamics of the micro-everything revolution, from design and engineering for radical affordability to overcoming hurdles to distribution.
Today, we’re highlighting talks from the PopTech stage that look at micro-everything from, well, everything--from solar to design to insurance to computing and beyond. We've compiled these talks into one collection so they can be viewed all together or flipped through and watched individually.
PopTech Edition II: Micro-everything video playlist:
- Microsolar: Paul Needham and Simpa Networks (5:06)
- Microdiagnostics: Hayat Sindi and Diagnostics for All (10:14)
- Microdesign: Krista Donaldson and D-Rev (5:38)
- Micromobile: Nigel Waller and Movirtu (5:21)
- Microwater: Sameer Kalwani and Sarvajal (5:26)
- Microhydro: Salinee Tavaranan and BGET (5:31)
- Microcomputing: Derek Lomas and Playpower Foundation (5:21)
- Micromanufacture: Adrian Bowyer and RepRap (18:30)
- Microinsurance: Rose Goslinga and Kilimo Salama (4:46)
Check out the complete Edition .
There's always something brewing in the PopTech community. From the world-changing people, projects and ideas in our network, a handful of this week's highlights follows.
- Tom Darden (PopTech 2010), executive director of Brad Pitt’s Make It Right Foundation, was tasked to oversee building 150 affordable, green, high-design homes in New Orleans’ Lower Ninth Ward, a neighborhood devastated by Hurricane Katrina. This week Fast Co.Exist announced the exciting news that Make It Right has completed its first Frank Gehry-designed home.
- 2011 PopTech Science Fellow Iain Couzin was featured on CNN earlier this week for his research using the Xbox to study locust swarms. Through his work on swarm behavior, Couzin attempts to understand how people, animals and even diseases manage to accomplish things in groups that would not be possible as individuals.
- Computational neuroscientist and 2010 PopTech Science Fellow H. Sebastian Seung conducts pioneering research on the wiring of the brain and what it reveals about genetics, personality, and memory. This week Boston.com covered Seung and the launch of EyeWire, an online game that invites volunteer “scientists” to build 3-D maps of the cell networks that are crucial for vision.
- Finally, Princeton University professor Anne-Marie Slaughter (PopTech 2011) made an appearance on The Colbert Report to talk about her Atlantic cover article, "Why Women Can't Have It All." Slaughter stressed that women need better job choices, ones that equally accommodate a family and full career.
What better example of a country's democratic resiliency in the face of financial collapse than the move to toss its constitution and bring on a handful of citizens to rewrite it from scratch? University of Iceland political science professor Silja Ómarsdóttir was one of 25 people asked to revise Iceland’s most important document after the country’s financial meltdown in 2008.
In her PopTech Iceland talk, she explains how the citizens of Iceland reacted to the bank collapse (politely and when no action was taken, loudly) and the eventual response from the government, which included updating the country’s constitution. Ómarsdóttir details the constitution creation process and what it meant to overhaul the document, with considerable public input, in four months. She concluded her talk when she said wryly, “The next time I write a constitution, I would have a little bit of a break in between. By the time we finished, we were so saturated with our own ideas, we couldn’t see the forest for the trees.”
In 2003 Chinese astronaut Yang Liwei quietly dispatched a centuries-old myth, when he said publicly that despite his best efforts, he hadn’t been able to see the Great Wall of China from space. The ancient world’s longest construction, awesome though it is, is the same dusty color as the hills it’s made from, only nine meters wide, and time-weathered. Optometrists have argued that to see the Wall from space with the naked eye, even at low orbits, you would need 20/3 vision, 7.7 times better than ordinary human sight.
The largest construction on the planet is not man-made, and it has no such problems being seen from space. Working in large numbers, and hardly ever taking a break, coral polyps built the Great Barrier Reef in its current form in about 8,000 years. Vast and beautiful, from space it dominates the view of the Pacific east of the Australian coast.
Recently, Roger Bradbury, a respected Australian ecologist, has written an op-ed in the New York Times that the Great Barrier Reef, and all the world’s coral reefs for that matter, are not just threatened, which we all knew, but doomed to destruction, within our lifetimes. He argues that because of rising levels of ocean acidity, overfishing, and water pollution, there is no hope. The only responsible thing is to allocate funds to plan for the aftermath of the reefs’ death and disappearance - not to save them. “It will be a disaster for the hundreds of millions of people in poor, tropical countries like Indonesia and the Philippines who depend on coral reefs for food”, he says. Reefs are home to one quarter of the world’s entire marine life, and perhaps as many as 9 million species.
We checked in with Ann Marie Healy, who has spent time researching the coral reefs of Palau for the book Resilience: Why Things Bounce Back to hear her opinion on the topic. She said:
After seeing the work of the most effective marine scientists and environmentalists, it feels clear that the survival of the reefs is still possible but only with very deep engagement from the people who live on them and use them every day. That means engagement not only at the top of the food chain—national governments and international organizations—but also from people who rely on reefs for their livelihood and cultural identity. Environmental change is inextricably linked with changing behavior and social norms.
Reactions to the piece from oceanologists, ecologists, and other scientists have been collected by Dot Earth. While there is disagreement about the inevitability of disaster, and whether or not this will all be over in the next few decades, the general consensus is that the outlook is grim. Human industry, as represented by such monumental achievements as the Great Wall, may prove, in the Anthropocene, the mightier force after all.
Image: NASA/Wikimedia Commons
Joy Reidenberg, celebrated whale anatomist, often finds herself neck-deep inside a whale that's washed ashore, studying its innards to learn how it's evolved in the outside world. In the second talk we're highlighting from PopTech Iceland 2012, “Why Whales are Weird,” energetic, articulate anatomist Joy Reidenberg presents an unbelievable array of fact about the beloved mammal (Whales have a vestigial pelvis! They migrate the distance of half the planet)! They have mustaches!). She took us through the story of evolution using whales as a model, explaining that evolution is the process to mediate resilience and thus, survival.
What does it take to rewrite a country’s constitution in four months? What can the triggers of oil rig disasters tell us about financial crises? Why do whales have moustaches? Here’s your chance to find out! We’re excited to announce that today, we’ll begin to debut talks from presenters who took the PopTech stage in Iceland last month. Our inaugural releases, over the course of this week, include presentations from a constitutionalist author, an undercover economist, and a celebrated whale anatomist.
First up, a talk from Tim Harford, the U.K.’s foremost undercover economist, author of Adapt: Why Success Always Starts with Failure, columnist for the Financial Times, and a powerful storyteller about complex economic systems.
Enjoyed this talk and craving more? Don’t miss out on the opportunity to join us this fall at PopTech Camden. Satisfy your intellectual curiosity and register today.
Tomorrow, learn fascinating trivia about the world’s largest mammal. Stay tuned!
Chalk is composed of extremely small white globules. They look, up close, like snowballs made from brittle paper plates. Those plates, it turns out, are part of ancient skeletons that once belonged to roundish little critters that lived and floated in the sea, captured a little sunshine and carbon, then died and sank to the bottom.
Image: PLOS Biology via Wikipedia
Recently, PopTech launched its second Edition, Small is beautiful: The micro-everything revolution. Our Editions explore an emerging theme at the edge of change from the perspective of some of the remarkable innovators shaping it. In the coming weeks, we’ll highlight pieces from contributors who are exploring the dynamics of the micro-everything revolution, from design and engineering for radical affordability to overcoming hurdles to distribution. Today, we’re excerpting a piece from 2011 PopTech Social Innovation Fellow Sameer Kalwani who developed the technology platforms for Sarvajal.
From telecommunications to transportation, India has made rapid advances in its infrastructure. At Sarvajal, we hope to be on the forefront of India’s next technological evolution – basic services infrastructure — as we strive to meet our mission of providing high-quality drinking water to every denizen. Previous water distribution models relied on large-scale production and would often take years to implement, not to mention costly transportation system and high maintenance expenditures. On top of that, poor infrastructure would lead to severe product losses. For example, in New Delhi, up to 40% of the treated, clean water is lost through pilferage and cracked pipes. But Sarvajal has worked to alleviate some of these issues; a new decentralization of the filtration process allows us to distribute water for a fraction of the previous cost and get to every nook and cranny of a population.
Our micro-franchise solutions get high-quality, low-cost solutions to those who are marginalized by the lack of better infrastructure support that’s typically in urban slums and rural villages. Bottled water and other private solutions are usually available in these areas, but are often quite costly, keeping a necessary resource out of reach for the poor. Our micro-franchise solution in the town of Churu, in Rajasthan, brought the price of private drinking water down to less than one cent per liter. Now more people can afford clean water who didn't have access to it before. Over the course of the past year that Laxmangarh, Rajasthan has been an active franchise, we've seen the number of customers more than double, so people are actually adopting the solution and getting their friends to use it as well.
In many small rural villages there are no solutions for their contaminated water. For example, in Mundawar, villagers knew they had an issue with their water system, but without public or private sector attention they had no alternatives. With Sarvajal in their village, they have a solution, and it has encouraged more people to drink clean water. For example, a 43-year old woman named Laxmi had been bedridden for five years and was asked by her doctors to drink clean water, but she had no financial means to do so. In an effort to permeate previously unreached villages, Sarvajal partnered with a local entrepreneur in Mundawar to provide a solution to the villagers’ water-based health problems. A year after Sarvajal entered Mundawar, Laxmi and others can use and afford clean water, providing them with improved health both short- and long- term.