Brian Greene, professor of physics and mathematics at Columbia University and co-founder of last week's World Science Festival, has been described by the Washington Post as the “single best explainer of abstruse ideas in the world today.” Greene's talent for using narrative to explain the complexities of physics was on display at two events bookending this year's festival — a performance of the stage adaptation of Brian Greene's book Icarus at the Edge of Time that opened the festival, and his dramatized lecture "Spooky Action: The Drama of Quantum Mechanics" on the last evening of the festival.
Icarus at the Edge of Time, originally published by Knopf (2008), is a science fiction adaptation of the Greek myth of Icarus in which Daedalus escapes Crete with his son Icarus using wings built from feathers and wax, only to watch Icarus fly too close to the sun and plummet to the sea. Greene’s version of the myth substitutes spaceships for wax wings and a black hole for the sun. This year's adaptation of the book included a performance of the Phillip Glass-composed score by the Orchestra of St. Luke's, narration by LaVar Burton and a film created by British artists Al + Al.
Clearly intended for a younger crowd (much of the audience consisted of educators and elementary to high school-aged children), Greene made sure to point out an important modification from the Icarus myth. While it doesn't exactly have a happy ending, the protagonist's overreaching doesn't result in death but a challenging discovery: that circling the black hole's edge for what felt like minutes turned out to be 10,000 years. In addition to teaching some of the basic physics of black holes, the moral of Greene's adaptation of the myth was geared toward scientific discovery; not discouraging pushing the limits but simply cautioning against the potential consequences. Read more...
There's always something brewing in the PopTech community. From the world-changing people, projects and ideas in our network, a handful of this week's highlights follows.
- We kicked off the week with a great remix of Zee Avi’s (PopTech 2009) Concrete Wall. You're definitely going to want to add this one to your summer playlist.
- In Why We Lie, Dan Ariely (PopTech 2009) took "a close look at why people cheat, using a variety of experiments and looking at a panoply of unique data sets—from insurance claims to employment histories to the treatment records of doctors and dentists." He found that, "in a nutshell: Everybody has the capacity to be dishonest, and almost everybody cheats—just by a little."
- Stephanie Coontz (PopTech 2010, PopTech 2011) tackled five myths about marriage this week in the Washington Post. At PopTech 2010 Coontz shared that ironically, as marriage is becoming a more emotionally satisfying relationship, it is also becoming less stable as an institution.
Image: Jenn and Tony Bot
As final preparations for PopTech Iceland are underway, we’re thrilled to announce the next round of amazing people you’ll see on stage in Reykjavik. From accurately predicting the collapse of financial bubbles to exploring the links between personal trauma and global leadership, the topic of resilience will be examined in all its various forms, energizing you with ideas that will change how you look at the world.
And since we’ll be in Iceland during the midnight sun, bright summer nights will complement stimulating days filled with compelling presentations and engaging discussions. Check out our conference schedule and join us June 27-29 as we explore Iceland’s natural beauty during this special time of year.
Looking to explore Iceland further? Independently operated excursions will take place on Saturday, June 30 and carry an additional charge.
Please meet the newly announced speakers for PopTech Iceland:
- Jason Hackenwerth’s large-scale installations made with latex balloons have been shown in solo and group exhibitions throughout the United States and abroad.
- Tim Harford is a senior columnist for the Financial Times, a presenter for the BBC and the author most recently of Adapt: Why Success Always Starts with Failure.
- Alexi Murdoch is a critically acclaimed singer-songwriter whose latest album Towards the Sun was released in 2011.
- Didier Sornette is Professor on the Chair of Entrepreneurial Risks in the Department of Management, Technology and Economics at ETH Zurich. His research focuses on the prediction of crises and extreme events in complex systems, particularly around financial bubbles and crashes and the diagnostics of systemic instabilities.
- Alyson Warhurst is CEO and founder of risk analysis and mapping company Maplecroft. Over the last 10 years, Warhurst has built Maplecroft into the leading source of extra-financial risk intelligence for the world’s largest multinational corporations, banks and asset managers, governments and NGOs.
- Kári Stefánsson, M.D., Dr. Med. founded deCODE in August 1996 and is recognized as a leading figure in human genetics. He has shaped deCODE’s scientific approach and been actively engaged in leading its gene discovery work, serving as senior author on most of the company’s publications in major scientific journals.
- Yossi Sheffi is the Elisha Gray II professor of Engineering Systems at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he serves as Director of the MIT Center for Transportation and Logistics (CTL). He is an expert in systems optimization, risk analysis and supply chain management, which are the subjects he researches and teaches at MIT, both at the MIT School of Engineering and at the Sloan School of Management.
- Laurie Leitch, PhD has been a clinical trainer, researcher and organizational consultant for over 25 years. She has co-developed models of intervention that provide stabilization skills training in neuroscience-based trauma programs appropriate with complex trauma and for use with adults and children suffering from long-term and acute trauma as well as war-zone trauma.
- Retired Army Brigadier General Loree Sutton, MD is a psychiatrist whose culminating military assignment involved serving as the Founding Director of the Defense Centers of Excellence for Psychological Health and Traumatic Brain Injury (DCoE) from 2007 to 2010.
- Valgeir Sigurðsson is a composer, producer, engineer, musician and founder of Greenhouse Studios and the Bedroom Community record label, based in Reykjavik, Iceland.
Nature is swift when it comes to reclaiming her space. An abandoned farmhouse is soon shot through with twisting vines and field grasses, asphalt can be split by a flower.
"Trees in Silos" is a photo meme that celebrates this reclamation in action. Click through to see the eerie and often beautiful shots as nature gently reminds us who's really in charge.
Image: Corey Wagehoft
Take a moment out of your day and listen to some lovely tunes from Pakistani duo Zeb and Haniya, who performed at PopTech 2011. With musical inspiration ranging from the Delta blues to the quietest nighttime moments in Pakistan to Iranian refugee songs, the pair played a set that wooed the audience and showcased their wide-ranging talents and influences. If you can't get enough of their tunes from the PopTech stage, we also caught up with them playing music in the park in Camden, Maine. Enjoy!
We can all joke about when former Alaskan Senator Ted Stevens referred to the Internet as a "series of tubes," but what exactly is the physical infrastructure that enables us to carelessly surf the Web and stay connected? Fear not. With Andrew Blum's new book, Tubes: A Journey to the Center of the Internet, which just came out today, we can get a better handle on just that. In our recent interview with Blum, our discussion touched on resilience, the theme of our 2012 conferences, as it relates to the fragility and robustness of this infrastructure we've grown to depend upon. We looked at the correlation between the physicality of the Web and access to broadband, a topic of PopTech's upcoming Lab. And Blum equated our limited network capabilities to, well, iceberg lettuce. Read on to learn more.
PopTech: What was the most unusual or unanticipated discovery you made while researching Tubes?
Andrew Blum: Undoubtedly it was how small the Internet is. I know that sounds strange -- we think of the Internet as infinite and ubiquitous. But it turns out that the Internet is very concentrated. There are just a handful of buildings that are vastly more important than all the rest.
What does the fact that there’s this built, physical infrastructure say about the fragility (or robustness) of the system?
There are ways that this concentration actually makes it more robust. Of course the destruction, god forbid, of one of these mega-nodes would have a dramatic impact. But given how unlikely that is, the multitude of connections inside of them ensures that if one link fails, others will pick up the slack. These buildings are themselves big meshes, with many networks connecting to many other networks. But to do that -- and this is the crucial point -- all those networks have to be in the same physical place. I have to plug my router into yours.
What do you see as the main obstacles to ubiquitous broadband access in the U.S.? Does the physical infrastructure play a role? Is the network limited by the physical infrastructure?
We know so little about where our Internet comes from that we don't even know what our choices are. I compare it to the evolution of food in the last decade: at the moment, we're all eating the Internet equivalent of iceberg lettuce, without even knowing what else is out there. We haven't even begun to have a conversation about what's behind our connection, its politics and possibilities. Read more...
There's always something brewing in the PopTech community. From the world-changing people, projects and ideas in our network, a handful of this week's highlights follows.
- Bottoms Up. That's how PopTech Board Chair and Fellows Faculty Cheryl Heller suggests we approach designing for social impact.
- Visual artist Adriane Herman (PopTech 2011) has an exhibition called Coping Mechanics opening tonight at Western Exhibitions in Chicago that runs through June 30, 2012.
- 2012 marks the 100th year that our friends and partners at Steelcase have been in business. To celebrate, they've asked 100 minds of all ages and from all over the world, to dream big about what the next 100 years hold. We particularly enjoyed Director of the MIT Media Lab Joichi Ito's thoughts on the next 100 years of science and technology.
- Jason Rzepka, MTV’s vice president of public affairs and PopTech board member, talks to PSFK about MTV's decision to create a fantasy sports game-like experience around the 2012 presidential election.
- In case you missed it earlier this week, here's a peek at the first round of speakers announced for PopTech Iceland!
Image: Adraine Herman
Jonathan Rothberg is best known for inventing high speed DNA sequencing, a discovery which led to the first sequence of an individual human genome. When he spoke at PopTech this past fall, contributor Lindsay Borthwick caught up with him to discuss the massive implications of his work in the fields of biology and medicine. We've excerpted the interview here and paired it with his stage talk.
In an interview he gave to the journal Nature last year, Jonathan Rothberg, the CEO of biotech company Ion Torrent, cited Steve Jobs as his biggest influence. While that's probably true of many tech entrepreneurs, Jobs recent death, from cancer, is bound to have affected Rothberg more than most. That's because the Connecticut-based engineer and serial entrepreneur invites comparison to the former Apple CEO in a way that few people do. After all, just as Jobs revolutionized personal computing, Rothberg is doing the same for biology and medicine. At the heart of both revolutions is the humble silicon chip.
About 10 years ago, Rothberg pioneered a faster and cheaper method for reading genomes called next-generation sequencing, which is currently the gold standard in research labs around the world. Now, he has launched a desktop gene machine that may finally usher in the long-awaited personal genomics revolution by dramatically cutting the cost of decoding an individual’s DNA sequence and fingering their genetic weaknesses. This, in turn, creates the possibility that we'll soon be able to diagnose and treat a host of diseases on an individualized basis -- chief among them, cancer. Unlike its predecessor's, Rothberg's new invention -- the Ion Personal Genome Machine (PGM) -- reads DNA using semiconductor technology, making it cheaper, faster and more scalable than any other.
Due to the sequencing power of both generations of his machines, Rothberg has laid claim to a lot of firsts: he led the effort to sequence the first individual genome (James Watson’s of the double helix), initiated the first large-scale sequencing effort of ancient DNA -- the Neanderthal Genome Project, and helped crack the mystery behind the massive disappearances of the honey bee, as well as a deadly E. coli outbreak in Germany.
We sat down with Rothberg at PopTech 2011 to discuss how making DNA sequencing more accessible stands to transform medicine.
PopTech: You've sequenced the genome of James Watson, one of the co-discoverers of the structure of DNA. Have you sequenced your own?
Jonathan Rothberg: I get this question from my wife because I recently sequenced Gordon Moore's genome, who's the founder of Intel. And, as you mentioned, I’ve sequenced Jim Watson's genome. She asked me, “Why do you always sequence 80-year-old Caucasian men? They’re healthy.” I sequence them precisely for that reason. Because except for educating people about why it’s important to sequence for medicine, for discovery, for making drugs, for diagnostics, for understanding the progression of disease, for finding a cure for breast cancer, I think genetic materials is private and that you should have a reason to sequence it. You should be sequencing because you are trying to understand disease, you should be sequencing because you are trying to make a diagnostic, you should be sequencing because you are making a drug. So, no, I haven’t.
What's your vision for the future of genome sequencing and personal genomics? Some scientists have suggested that every baby should have its heel pricked and its genome sequenced at birth.
My vision is that sequencing will develop in an analogous way and be equal or greater in importance than imaging has been to medicine, just as how part of medical practice we have X-rays, MRIs and CAT scans.
I do, though, have a vision that starts with the heel prick, where, in a newborn unit of a hospital, every child has his or her sequence done. And I think there will be a time when that will make sense -- when the economics makes sense and when we have data that correlates sequence with disease, sequence with things we can take action on. Then it will make sense to sequence the whole genome.
I've long been a fan of Lukas Large's Tumblr and its beautiful images of scientific illustrations. Each post is a single drawn image from the natural world (an animal, bones, a vintage anatomical drawing) with links back to the illustration's source. The site is updated multiple times a day, and readers are also invited to submit drawings of their own or others' work.
Scientific illustration is a wonderful blend of science and art, and Large's site gives visibilty to some works that otherwise may have languished unnoticed in various medical journals or textbooks in dusty libraries around the world. It also helps draw attention to new artists working in this field (like the image above from Brooklyn-based George Boorujy).
I was curious to learn more about the man behind the website. Here's a bit about his background and what he finds inspiring.
Michelle Riggen-Ranson: Where are you originally from? Where are you based now?
Lukas Large: I grew up in Stourbridge in the West Midlands in England and I still live there and work in the nearby city of Birmingham.
What is your background/vocation?
I studied Genetics at University but I don’t currently work in anything to do with science.
PopTech is heading to Iceland in just over a month! On June 27th, we will be kicking off our two-day conference in Reykjavik focused on the theme of resilience. We'll be exploring how and why some social, economic, business, technological and ecological systems are able to "bounce back" from shocks and disruption, while others are not. How do we build a more secure future and sturdier selves to live in it? Such insight has powerful implications for how we can build these systems to anticipate disruption, self-heal, and adapt.
Today we're pleased to reveal our first round of speakers who will be taking the stage next month. Whether it's a theoretical physicist studying why cities succeed where companies fail or an architect building floating schools and hospitals to reach the rural poor in flood-prone Bangladesh, PopTech Iceland will showcase people examining resilience in its many forms from a variety of viewpoints. Speakers include:
- Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson is the fifth President of the Republic of Iceland.
- George A. Bonanno, PhD, is a professor of Clinical Psychology and director of the Loss, Trauma, and Emotion Lab in the Department of Counseling and Clinical Psychology at Teachers College, Columbia University. His research centers on how human beings cope with loss, trauma and other forms of extreme adversity, with an emphasis on resilience and the salutary role of personality, positive emotion and emotion regulatory processes.
- Simonetta Carbonaro is an expert in consumer psychology, strategic marketing and design management. She carries out research in the area of consumer ethos and behavior, forecasting the direction of consumer culture.
- Nico Muhly has collaborated on projects with Antony and the Johnsons, Björk, Bonnie "Prince" Billy, Grizzly Bear, Jónsi of Sigur Rós, and Valgeir Sigurðsson in addition to numerous recordings of his own music, composer. His first opera, Two Boys, premiered at the English National Opera in June 2011.
- Mohammed Rezwan is an architect and the founder of Shidhulai Swanirvar Sangstha, a not-for-profit development organization in Bangladesh that uses boats to provide education, training and health care to thousands of people in that country’s most flood-prone regions.
- Joy Reidenberg, PhD, is a professor of Anatomy and Functional Morphology at Mount Sinai School of Medicine in New York City. Her research into the anatomies of whales, dolphins and porpoises has enabled these animals to become valued "natural experiments" to learn about basic biomechanical relationships that affect all mammals, including humans.
- Judith Rodin is the president of the Rockefeller Foundation, one of the world’s leading philanthropic organizations. Prior to the Rockefeller Foundation, she was the president of the University of Pennsylvania, and provost of Yale University. She was the first woman named to lead an Ivy League institution and is the first woman to serve as the Rockefeller Foundation’s president in its nearly 100-year history.
- Eben Upton is a founder and trustee of the Raspberry Pi Foundation, and serves as its Executive Director. The Raspberry Pi is an ultra-low cost, credit card-sized computer designed to fill a much-needed technological gap in communities that cannot afford more traditional computing hardware and to provide children around the world the opportunity to learn programming.
- Geoffrey West is a theoretical physicist whose recent work has focused on developing an underlying quantitative theory for the structure and dynamics of cities, companies and long-term sustainability, including rates of growth and innovation, the accelerating pace of life, and why companies die, yet cities survive.
- Steve Lansing is an external professor at the Santa Fe Institute, a professor of Anthropology at the University of Arizona, and a senior fellow at the Stockholm Resilience Centre. His groundbreaking work on Balinese water temple networks has illuminated the complex interplay among society, religion and ecology in the maintenance of the Bali rice terrace ecology.
We hope you'll join us for two lively days filled with compelling presentations, musical performances, short films, and collaborative sessions. We have a limited number of conference tickets remaining. Secure your seat today!