Contribution by Arvind Subramanian
As I write this from Beijing, the vista from my hotel is dominated by the monstrously imposing modernist monument that headquarters CCTV, China’s official TV channel. I’m here to speak at the launch of a new report (CHINA 2030) about the country’s future, which was jointly written by the World Bank and the Chinese government. This report has been receiving a lot of attention because it is like a blueprint for China’s reform process going forward. All the very senior Chinese officials present at the event are very aware of, almost obsessed with, the problems looming ahead for China—inequality, corruption, environmental degradation, prospects of instability, etc.
These problems notwithstanding, China is a testament to the possibility of rapid progress out of poverty and under-development. And China’s future development is of earth-shaking consequence for the rest of the world. I discussed some of the related issues during my presentation at PopTech last year, and in the latest issue of WIRED magazine I develop these ideas further, notably how to ensure that China’s growing economic dominance is harnessed for the good of the world. How China shapes its internal future as well as how it crafts its international role is going to be fascinating to watch.
Today is February 29, that special day that rolls around every four years, with a few exceptions. Why do some years have an extra leap day and what is it for?
Once every four years, we tack on an extra day at the end of February to calibrate our human-made calendar to the natural world — the Earth does not orbit the sun in an even 365 days, but rather in 365 days, five hours, 48 minutes, and 45 seconds.
This extra day has given rise to several traditions and superstitions over the years, especially in the Middle Ages. In many European countries, women were allowed to propose to men on Leap Day. In Greece, it's bad luck to marry in a Leap Year at all, let alone on Leap Day itself. In Scotland, it's considered unlucky to be born on Leap Day, and it was once believed that Leap Day babies, or "leaplings," as they were called, were sickly and hard to raise. If you are born on February 29, you're eligible to join the Honor Society of Leap Year Day Babies.
Imagine if you could turn up the volume on your stereo, answer an email, or find directions - all by tapping your arm or moving your body. It's really not all that far off. On the PopTech stage, Desney Tan and Scott Saponas demoed Skinput, their technology that creates an interface using bio-acoustics on touch-sensitive surfaces of our body. Beyond the novelty of using your forearm to change the channel on your television, there's a real benefit from this technology.
Tan lays the foundation of their talk by explaining that the iPads and Androids we depend upon daily aren't purely functional. Instead, if they're designed right, they should provide an experience for the user, change culture, and shape the way we live. But these devices, which we've become tethered to, can be limiting. What if we didn't always need to pull something out of our pocket and close off the world around us while staring into a small screen and tapping away on an ever-shrinking device? What if we could continue to interact with our environment while getting the information we need?
"We've made cool technologies that profoundly shape how we live. The bottleneck is in the interface. The challenge is to create richer ways for humans and computers to communicate," described Tan. He suggests that we turn our bodies, or what he deems "playground[s] of technology interface," into sensors so that we can then become our own controllers wherever we go, whenever we want.
There's always something brewing in the PopTech community. From the world-changing people, projects, and ideas in our network, a handful of this week's highlights follows.
- Tuberville is an organization dedicated to reducing hunger within our communities by focusing on engaging farmers to set aside a few acres of land to harvest and donate the crops to local food banks. The Tuberville web series, whose first episde was released last week, was inspired by a desire to find an innovative and entertaining approach to raising awareness and grow the Tuberville organization. PopTech has worked with a number of folks on this film crew and we're proud to call them our friends.
- Dr. Pamela Ronald (PopTech 2008), Professor of Plant Pathology and Faculty at the Genome Center at the University of California, Davis spoke to Seed Central, about engineering rice for tolerance to environmental stress and resistance to disease. Seed Central's purpose is to energize the seed industry cluster surrounding UC Davis.
- Food author and activist Michael Pollan (PopTech 2010) dishes on Chipotle, his favorite restaurants and…beer to The Denver Post.
Image: Brent Harrewyn for Tuberville
Spring is drawing ever closer and with it comes science fair season, when parents dust off their folding card tables and kids put together their best interpretation of Mount Vesuvius using only Cheese Wiz and mud.
This year, Google is once again getting into the science fair action with their second annual Google Science Fair. The contest, open to students ages 13-18, allows entries from either individuals or teams of up to three people in a variety of categories (see complete rules). Last year's winning projects (all led by girls!) included a study on carcinogens in grilled chicken, improving air quality for asthma patients, and improving treatment results for ovarian cancer patients.
The theme this year revolves around asking a question. From the site:
Have you asked a question today? What did you do with it?
Did it take you somewhere new? Did it bring you here?
The Google Science Fair is an online science competition seeking curious minds from the four corners of the globe. Anybody and everybody between 13 and 18 can enter. All you need is an idea.
Geniuses are not always A-grade students. We welcome all mavericks, square-pegs and everybody who likes to ask questions. Simply upload your project here to win some life changing prizes.
Everyone has a question. What’s yours?
Prizes include a National Geographic Expedition to the Galapagos Islands, a $50,000 scholarship from Google and a bunch of other amazing, science-related things. You can follow along on all the projects' process on the related Google Plus site or on Twitter @GoogleSciFair.
If you're a teacher, a student or know a budding scientist who might be interested, please help spread the word about this opportunity. Let's take the science fair to the next level!
PopTech friend Perrin Ireland of Alphachimp Studios sketched portraits of PopTech 2011 speakers and Fellows in action, and we've compiled these pieces into a slideshow for your viewing pleasure. You may get a sense of the talks' topics from the illustrations, but if they've piqued your interest and left you wanting more, we've conveniently included links to each of their stage talks as well.
- Shahidul Alam describes how he started a number of projects to bring photography to the people.
- Milenko Matanovic is a community builder and visual artist.
- Krista Donaldson runs D-Rev: Design Revolution, which creates state-of-the-art, user-centric products to empower the lives of people living on less than four dollars a day.
- Reuben Margolin creates large-scale kinetic sculptures that use pulleys and motors to create the complex movements and structures we see in nature.
- Adrien Treuille tackles scientific problems with games.
- Jan Chipchase, head of research for frog Design, talks about the process behind his company’s acclaimed work.
- Military strategists Col. Mark Mykleby (who presented with Captain Wayne Porter) presents highlights from their much-discussed paper, “A National Strategic Narrative.”
- Iain Couzin studies how animals coordinate behavior.
- Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson describes Iceland’s social and democratic upheaval and their path to resilience.
- Paul Needham's organization, Simba Networks, makes solar energy available to the poor by using a pay-as-you-go pricing structure that eventually leads to electricity ownership.
- Michael Murphy uses architectural solutions to make people healthier.
- Katherine Kuchenbecker designs haptic interfaces, virtual objects and distant environments that feel real to the human touch.
- Jonathan Rothberg’s invention ushered in the era of personal genetics and today his technology is used in laboratories and medical centers all over the world.
- Erik Hersman explains how Africa has some of the world’s fastest growing economies where innovation and entrepreneurship are exploding.
- Anne-Marie Slaughter shares her insights on the transformation of state and non-state actors.
- Thomas Thwaites reverse engineered a simple seven dollar toaster into 400 separate parts and then set about recreating it entirely from scratch.
- Unity Dow, a lawyer, high court justice in Botswana, and novelist describes seismic generational shifts between pre- and post-independence Africans.
- Military strategists Captain Wayne Porter (who presented with Col. Mark Mykleby) presents highlights from their much-discussed paper, “A National Strategic Narrative."
- Saman Arbabi (who presented with co-host Kambiz Hosseini) started a satirical television show, Parazit, that uses use the power of satire combined with content from citizens on the street to expose injustices happening across Iran.
- Tony Orrico explores line and shape with his actual body, creating works of visual art that record his own motion.
Am I normal? Am I special? Am I going to make it? These are questions teenagers struggle with around the globe. And for vulnerable girls in Kenya, the answer to the last question - if Social Innovation Fellow Megan White Mukuria has anything to do with it - is yes. Making it means making sure those girls receive an education. So White wondered, "If educating girls is the number one things we can do, what's the simplest thing I can do to change the world and keep more girls in school?"
On the heels of PopTech's recent Climate Lab in Nairobi, Kenya in which we looked at the impact of climate change on girls and women, White's concerns about making it and the question she set forth are particularly relevant. When White learned that over 860,000 girls in Kenya wind up staying home and missing a month and a half of school each year because they can't afford sanitary pads during menstruation, the simple solution became clear: help provide affordable pads and health education to these young women. ZanaAfrica, the organization she founded, gives girls the freedom and self-confidence to stay in school and provides them with an opportunity to connect online with a community of like-minded young women. The results of ZanaAfrica's work with 800 young women in the Kibera slums in Kenya has positively changed the dynamic within classrooms, families, and communities, and with plans to scale this project, we have yet to see the full potential this program will have on the lives of young women.
It was Comus, who, in 1857, saved and transformed the dying flame of the old Creole Carnival with his enchanter's cup; it was Comus who introduced torch lit processions and thematic floats to Mardi Gras; and it was Comus who ritually closed, and still closes, the most cherished festivities of New Orleans with splendor and pomp. - Wiki
Image: The Public Doman Review
There's always something brewing in the PopTech community. From the world-changing people, projects and ideas in our network, a handful of this week's highlights follows.
- Next week Ghanian-born, New York-based rapper, composer, and producer Blitz the Ambassador (PopTech 2011) will be performing and then speaking at the United Nations on the topic of hip hop and global diplomacy.
- Our official PopTech conference photographer Kris Krug was in Alberta, Canada this week working with the DeSmogBlog, making media to challenge the government of Alberta, which, it's been speculated, has made plans to initiate a large-scale wolf slaughter to hide the destruction wrought by the industrialization of the boreal forest ecosystem.
- Samasource, founded by 2010 Social Innovation Fellow Leila Janah has received the 2012 Secretary’s Innovation Award for the Empowerment of Women and Girls from Secretary of State Hillary Clinton.
Image: Kris Krug
Nominations for the PopTech Social Innovation Fellows program opened earlier this month. Whether you’re nominating yourself or someone else, how can you best make the case?
Based on past years’ most compelling nominations, here are some helpful tips:
- Give specific examples of the nominee’s leadership and collaborative success.
- Describe clearly the central innovation and how it has begun to prove its impact. Why is this a breakthrough idea? What demonstrates that it really works?
- Indicate the most promising path and potential timeframe for reaching scale and sustainability. How many people could be reached, how, and when?
- Include a personal highlight or two to help reveal the nominee’s passion, dedication and other key qualities.
We need your help identifying the strongest candidates for this year’s class of Fellows. Please have a look at the call for nominations and submit your nominations any time between now and April 3, 2012.