In Kashmir, Chatterji co-founded (2008), and was co-convener of (2008-2012), the People’s Tribunal on Human Rights and Justice. She was a Member of the Drafting Committee on Minimum Standards, Second World Congress on Psychosocial Restitution in 2010. In 2005, Chatterji founded the People’s Tribunal on Religious Freedom and Human Rights in Odisha. In 2004, Chatterji served on a two-person independent commission on displacement and rehabilitation in the Narmada Valley. In 1984, Chatterji worked in the post-violence camps for Sikh victims-survivors in Delhi. In 2017, she was appointed a Research Fellow at the WSD Handa Center for Human Rights and International Justice at Stanford University. In 2015-2016, Chatterji was a Visiting Scholar at the Institute for the Study of Human Rights (ISHR) at Columbia University.
Chatterji has served on human rights commissions and offered expert testimony, including at the United Nations, European Parliament, United Kingdom Parliament, and United States Congress. Chatterji holds a B.A. in Political Science, an M.A. in Political Science, and a Ph.D. in the Humanities. Chatterji has served on the board of directors of International Rivers Network and Earth Island Institute, and the Advisory Board of the Kashmir Initiative at the Carr Center for Human Rights Policy at the Harvard Kennedy School. Chatterji is a founding member of the South Asia Feminist Preconference at the University of Wisconsin, Madison.